Migration

From an economic point of view there are good reasons for the free movement of workers not only within a country, but also beyond its borders. Migration is positive for the economies involved in cases where it is triggered by wage and production differences, but distorts these economies if additionally stimulated by net government transfers made via social welfare benefits, taxes and free use of infrastructure.

Demographic, economic and political developments in countries outside of Europe are currently leading to higher immigration flows from these neighbouring regions to Europe, and especially to Germany. This could encourage potential target countries to compete to deter immigrants and could erode their welfare states.

TV Lectures

Can Germany Still be Saved? - Theses on the Future of the Republic, Information page

"Thesis 7: Game Without Boundaries: EU Enlargement, Migration and the New EU Constitution“,
LectureBR alpha, Alpha Campus, June 22nd, 2005, approximately 29 minutes,
DiscussionBR alpha, Alpha Campus, July 5th, 2005, approximately 25 minutes.

Presentations

“Die neue Völkerwanderung” (The New Face of Migration), Lecture by Prof. Hans-Werner Sinn, 1 March 2016, 11.00 a.m., Ifo Institute.

 

 

“Generationen(un-)gerechtigkeit, Ursachen, Folgen und Politikimplikationen des demographischen Defizits” (Generational (Un)Fairness: the Causes, Consequences and Policy Implications of the Demographical), Public University Lecture by Hans-Werner Sinn, December 15th, 2014 | German | Details | Watch the presentation and view the slides simultaneously | Interview with Hans-Werner Sinn

 

Current Policy Contributions

“Frau Merkel muss ihre Meinung ändern” (Merkel Has to Change her Mind), Neue Zürcher Zeitung, March 19th, 2016, p. 33.

“Flüchtlinge verschärfen Probleme des alternden Sozialstaats” (Refugees Exacerbate the Welfare Problems of an Ageing State), fnp.de, March 18th, 2016.

“Deutschland droht nach dem Rausch ein Kater” (After All the Euphoria Germany May Be Left With a Bad Headache), Die Welt, March 3rd, 2016, p. 10.

“Lösung für Europa” (A Solution for Europe) (together with Michael Hüther), Süddeutsche Zeitung, February 27th, 2016, p. 24.

“So kann es nicht weitergehen” (We Can’t Go On Like This), ifo Schnelldienst 69, 2016, No. 4, pp. 3-6.

EU-Erweiterung und Arbeitskräftemigration: Wege einer schrittweisen Annäherung der Arbeitsmärkte (EU Expansion and Labour Force Migration: Options for a Gradual Convergence of Labour Markets) (together with G. Flaig, M. Werding, S. Munz, N. Düll, H. Hofmann), ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung 2, Ifo Institute: Munich 2001, 369 pages. EU Enlargement and Labour Mobility – Consequences for Labour Markets and Redistribution by the State in Germany, Ifo Institute: Munich 2003 (translation of “EU-Erweiterung und Arbeitskräftemigration”).

Refereed scientific monographs

Can Germany be Saved? The Malaise of the World’s First Welfare State, MIT Press: Cambridge, Mass., 2007, 356 pages. (Revised and updated translation of Ist Deutschland noch zu retten?); Chapter 8: “EU Enlargementm, Migration, and the New EU Constitution”. To Amazon.

 

 

The New Systems Competition, Yrjö Jahnsson Lectures, Basil Blackwell: Oxford 2003, 228 pages. One hardback, one paperback edition; Chapter 3: “The Erosion of the Welfare State”. To Amazon.

Non-refereed scientific monographs

Ist Deutschland noch zu retten? (Can Germany be Saved?), Econ: Munich 2003, 496 pages; 8 hardcover editions; 1st to 4th paperback edition: Ullstein: Berlin since 2005; audiobook, Radioropa, 2005; Korean edition: Kachi Publishing, 2007; Chapter 8: “Spiel ohne Grenzen: EU-Erweiterung, Migration und neue Verfassung”. To Amazon.

Smaller, non-refereed scientific monographs

EU Enlargement and Labour Mobility: Consequences for Labour Markets and Redistribution by the State in Germany, (together with G. Flaig et al.), CESifo Research Reports, No. 2, Munich 2003, 163 pages.

Co-authored Committee Reports

Report on the European Economy, European Economic Advisory Group at CESifo (with co-authors), CESifo: Munich, fifteen volumes, 2001–2016, introduction and co-authorship respectively. Particularly Bertola, Giuseppe, John Driffill, Harold James, Hans-Werner Sinn, Jan-Egbert Sturm and Ákos Valentinyi, "Chapter 4: Migration in the European Union: Too much of a good thing?", EEAG Report on the European Economy 2015, 2015, 78-96, Summary | Recommendations | Feature | Details | PDF Download.

EU-Erweiterung und Arbeitskräftemigration: Wege einer schrittweisen Annäherung der Arbeitsmärkte (EU Expansion and Labour Force Migration: Options for a Gradual Convergence of Labour Markets) (together with G. Flaig, M. Werding, S. Munz, N. Düll, H. Hofmann), ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung 2, Ifo Institute: Munich 2001, 369 pages. EU Enlargement and Labour Mobility – Consequences for Labour Markets and Redistribution by the State in Germany, Ifo Institute: Munich 2003 (translation of “EU-Erweiterung und Arbeitskräftemigration”).

Articles in refereed journals

"Migration and Social Replacement Incomes. How to Protect Low-income Workers in the Industrialized Countries Against the Forces of Globalization and Market Integration“, International Tax and Public Finance 12, 2005, pp. 375-393; (Download, 268 KB); CESifo Working Paper No. 1265, August 2004; NBER Working Paper No. 10798, September 2004.

"EU Enlargement, Migration and the New Constitution“, CESifo Economic Studies 50, 2004, pp. 685-707.

"Social Union, Convergence and Migration” (together with W. Ochel), Journal of Common Market Studies 41, 2003, pp. 869-896; (Download, 732 KB); CESifo Working Paper No. 961, June 2003.

"The New Systems Competition“Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik 5, 2004, pp. 23-38; (Download, 137 KB). German version: "Der neue Systemwettbewerb“Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik 3, 2002, pp. 391- 407; (Download, 154 KB)CESifo Working Paper No. 623, December 2001; NBER Working Paper No. 8747, January 2002.

"EU Enlargement and the Future of the Welfare State“, Stevenson Citizenship Lectures, Scottish Journal of Political Economy 49, 2002, pp. 104-115; (Download, 135 KB); CESifo Working Paper No. 307, June 2000; Working Paper No. 2001_5, Department of Economics, University of Glasgow.

"EU Enlargement, Migration, and Lessons from German Unification“, German Economic Review 1, 2000, pp. 299-314; (Download, 1.1 MB); CESifo Working Paper No. 182, 1999.

"Tax Harmonization and Tax Competition in Europe“, European Economic Review 34, 1990, Papers & Proceedings, pp. 489-504; (Download, 1.1 MB); NBER Working Paper No. 3248, January 1991.

Academic papers in conference volumes

"Das demographische Defizit – Die Fakten, die Folgen, die Ursachen und die Politikimplikationen” (The Demographic Deficit. Facts, Consequences, Reasons and Policy Implications), in: H. Birg, ed., Auswirkungen der demographischen Alterung und der Bevölkerungsschrumpfung auf Wirtschaft, Staat und Gesellschaft, Lit Verlag: Münster, 2005, pp. 53-90 (Download, 4.5 MB).

"Das Demographische Defizit. Die Fakten, die Folgen, die Ursachen und die Politikimplikationen“ (The Demographic Deficit. Facts, Consequences, Reasons and Policy Implications) (updated version), in: C. Leipert, ed., Demographie und Wohlstand. Neuer Stellenwert für die Familie in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, Leske und Budrich: Opladen, 2003, pp. 57-88 (Download, 3.8 MB); also in: ifo Schnelldienst 56, 2003, No. 5, pp. 20-36 (Download, 1.49 MB).

"The Case for European Tax Harmonization“, in: G. Winckler, ed., Tax Harmonization and Financial Liberalization in Europe. Proceedings of Conferences held by the Confederation of European Economic Associations in 1989, Basingstoke 1992, pp. 3-7 (Download, 632 KB).

Policy Contributions in Journals and Academic Volumes

“So kann es nicht weitergehen” (We Can’t Go On Like This), ifo Schnelldienst 69, 2016, No. 4, pp. 3-6.

“Land ohne Kinder - die Fakten, die Folgen, die Ursachen und die Politikimplikationen” (A Country Without Children - the Facts, Consequences, Causes and Policy Implications), in: F.-X. Kaufmann und W. Krämer, ed., Die demographische Zeitbombe. Fakten und Folgen des Geburtendefizits, Ferdinand Schöningh: Paderborn, 2015, p. 103-147 (Download, 693 KB).

"Eine Nachlese zur Migrationsdebatte" (Selected articles on the migration debate), ifo Schnelldienst 68, 2015, No. 3, p. 3-4 (Download, 1.5 MB).

"Migration und Grenzkosten: Warum das Spiegel-Argument nicht stimmt" (Migration and Border Costs: Why the Spiegel Argument Is Unfounded), ifo Schnelldienst 68, 2015, No. 2, p. 3-4 (Download, 1.5 MB).

"Ökonomische Effekte der Migration" (The Economic Effects of Migration), ifo Schnelldienst 68, 2015, No. 1, p. 3 (Download, 1.5 MB).

"Immigration Following EU Eastern Enlargement“ (together with M. Werding), CESifo Forum 2, 2001, No. 2, pp. 40-47 (Download, 921 KB).

"Zuwanderung nach der EU-Osterweiterung: Wo liegen die Probleme?“ (Immigration Following EU Eastern Enlargement: Were are the Problems?), ifo Schnelldienst 54, 2001, No. 8, pp. 18-27 (Download, 1.3 MB).

Short Policy Contributions and Newspaper Articles

“Lösung für Europa” (A Solution for Europe) (together with Michael Hüther), Süddeutsche Zeitung, February 27th, 2016, p. 24.

“Chaos ohne Grenzen” (Chaos Without Borders), Handelsblatt, February 8th, 2016, p. 48.

“Immigration into the Welfare State”, (ref. Project Syndicate Januar 2016).

“Der Klub steht nicht allen offen” (The Club Is Not Open to Everybody), Welt am Sonntag, January 24th, 2016, p. AV12; Long VersionDie Welt online, February 2nd, 2016.

“Integration und Grenzsicherung gehöhren zusammen” (Integration and Secure Borders Go Hand in Hand), Tagesspiegel Causa, January 22nd, 2016.

“Die sechs Denkfehler der deutschen Flüchtlingspolitik” (The Six Errors in Reasoning of German Refugee Policy), WirtschaftsWoche, January 22nd, 2016, p. 35.

“Wir leben von der Substanz” (We Are Eating into the Bare Bones) (together with Marcel Fratzscher), Handelsblatt, November 3rd, 2015, p. 48.

"Mindestlohn aufheben!" (Abolish the Minimum Wage!), Handelsblatt, October 20th, 2015, p. 15.

"Außer Kontrolle"(Out of Control), Handelsblatt, October 7th, 2015,  p. 48.

"Menschenmagnet Deutschland" (Germany Is a Human Magnet), Die Presse, October 1st, 2015.

"The Limits of the German Promised Land", (ref. Project Syndicate September 2015).

"Ohne Abstriche beim Mindestlohn finden viele Zuwanderer keine Arbeit" (Without Compromises on the Minimum Wage Many Immigrants Won't Find a Job), WirtschaftsWoche, September 11th, 2015, p. 38.

"Problem 8: Demografie" (Problem 8: Demographics), Handelsblatt, June 5th, 2015, p. 55.

"Migration in Europa: Zu viel des Guten?" (Migration in Europe: Too Much of a Good Thing?) (together with John Driffill) , nzz.ch, April 1st, 2015.

"Migration in Europa: Zu viel des Guten?" (Migration in Europe: Too Much of a Good Thing?) (together with John Driffill), www.oekonomenstimme.org, March 10th, 2015.

"Migration: Gut für den Arbeitsmarkt, schlecht für den Staat" (Migration: Good for the Labour Market, Bad for the State), www.wiwo.de, February 10th, 2015.

"Eine Antwort an die Kritiker" (A Response to His Critics), Handelsblatt, January 21st, 2015, p. 14.

"Warum die Zuwanderung die Staatskasse belastet" (Why Immigration Burdens Public Finances), faz.net, January 2nd, 2015.

"Ökonomische Effekte der Migration" (The Economic Impact of Migration), Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, December 29th, 2014, p. 18.

"An der Wirklichkeit vorbei" (Failing To Face Up To Reality), WirtschaftsWoche, December 1st, 2014, No. 49, p. 49.

"Neue Wanderung" (New Migration), WirtschaftsWoche, March 4th, 2013, No. 10, p. 44.

"Viele Tore“ (Many Goals), WirtschaftsWoche, No. 27, July 3rd, 2006, p. 198.

"Der Hammer aus Brüssel“ (A Doozy from Brussels), WirtschaftsWoche, No. 19, May 8th, 2006, p. 198.

"May Day Madness“ (ref. Project Syndicate April 2006), The Japan Times (Japan), Les Echos (Mali), The Namibian (Namibia), Jakarta Post (Indonesia), The Korea Herald (South Korea), Oriental Daily (Malaysia), Daily Times (Pakistan), Business World (Philippines), Lianhe Zaobao (Singapore), Taipei Times (Taiwan), Kapital (Kazakhstan), Die Presse (Austria), L´Echo (Belgium), Ekonom (Czech Republic), Aripaev (Estonia), Vilaggazdasag (Hungary), Logos Press (Moldavia), Danas (Serbia), Sme (Slowakei), Expansion (Spain), Al Ghad (Jordan), Al Raya (Qatar), Al Eqtisadiah (Saudi Arabia).

"Immigration in den Wohlfahrtsstaat“ (Immigration into the Welfare State), Die Presse, April 29th, 2006.

"Sieben Wahrheiten über unsere Gastarbeiter“ (Seven Truths About our Guest Workers), Bild, No. 287/48, November 26th, 2004, p. 2.

"Teurer Sozialmagnet“ (Costly Welfare Magnet), Capital, No. 15/2004, July 2004, p. 3.

"Freifahrt in den Sozialstaat“ (Free Ticket to the Welfare State), Süddeutsche Zeitung, No. 121, May 27th, 2004, p. 20.

"There is no European Right to a Place in the Sun“Financial Times, No. 35/ 067, February 13th, 2003, p. 11; also published in german as "Zwanzig Mezzogiornos“ (Twenty Mezzogiornos), Financial Times Deutschland, No. 31/07, February 13th, 2003, p. 30.

Newspaper Interviews and Discussions (since 2002)

“Frau Merkel muss ihre Meinung ändern” (Merkel Has to Change her Mind), Neue Zürcher Zeitung, March 19th, 2016, p. 33.

“Flüchtlinge verschärfen Probleme des alternden Sozialstaats” (Refugees Exacerbate the Welfare Problems of an Ageing State), fnp.de, March 18th, 2016.

“Deutschland droht nach dem Rausch ein Kater” (After All the Euphoria Germany May Be Left With a Bad Headache), Die Welt, March 3rd, 2016, p. 10.

“Freie Zuwanderung lädiert den Sozialstaat” (Uncontrolled Immigration Damages the Welfare State), Passauer Neue Presse, February 2nd, 2016, p. 2.

“Die Integration der Flüchtlinge wird teuer” (Integrating the Refugees Will be Expensive), Der Tagesspiegel, January 4th, 2016, p. 13.

ifo-Chef Sinn: “Es kann kein vereinigtes Europa geben mit 28 separaten Armeen” (There Can Be No United Europe with 28 Separate Armies), focus.de, December 27th, 2015.

“Merkel hätte sich bedeckter halten müssen” (Merkel Should Have Been More Guarded), Spiegel Online, November 10th, 2015.

“Ökonomen sind Weltverbesserer” (Economists Are Do-Gooders), Südkurier, Oktober 15th, 2015, p. 6.

"Wir werden leichter an eine Putzkraft kommen" (It Will Be Easier to Find a Cleaner), Die Zeit, October 8th, 2015, p. 35.

"Was uns da blühen kann" (What Can Thrive For Us There), Die Zeit, January 8th, 2015, p. 21.

"Um unseren Lebensstandard zu halten, bräuchten wir 32 Millionen Migranten" (To Maintain Our Living Standards We Would Need 32 Million Migrants), Focus online, December 26th, 2014.

"Abschied als Wirtschaftsnation" (Bowing Out as a Leading Economy), Handelsblatt, December 12th, 2014, p. 12. Also published as:  "Deutschland muss die Einwanderung gezielt steuern" (Germany Must Selectively Control Immigration), Handelsblatt App, December 9th, 2014.

"EU-Freizügigkeitsrichtlinie führt zu enormen Sozialkosten“ (The EU Mobility Directive Leads to Enormous Social Costs), Osnabrücker Sonntagszeitung, May 14th, 2006, p. 12.

"Den Sozialstaat gilt es zu schützen“ (The Social State Must be Protected), Netzeitung, June 30th, 2004.

Ifo Viewpoints

Ifo Viewpoint No. 145: New Migration, May 3, 2013.

Ifo Viewpoint No. 123: The Migration Storm, Jun 7, 2011.

Ifo Viewpoint No. 97: Barbarians or Geniuses at the Gate?, Jul 15, 2008.

Ifo Viewpoint No. 76: Germany: A Land of Immigration?, Jul 31, 2006.

Ifo Viewpoint No. 60: Seven Truths Regarding Immigration, Dec 1, 2004.

Ifo Viewpoint No. 54: Germany, the Welfare Magnet, Jul 20, 2004.

Ifo Viewpoint No. 53: Directive on Free Movement: Free Ticket to the Welfare State, Jul 8, 2004.

Ifo Viewpoint No. 43: Twenty Mezzogiornos, Feb 13, 2003.

Ifo Viewpoint No. 41: Another Unification and More Illusions, Jan 8, 2003.

Ifo Viewpoint No. 25: In Defence of the Free Movement of Labour, May 2, 2001.

Ifo Viewpoint No. 9: EU Enlargement: the Migration Problem, Dec 23, 1999.